Directive (EU) 2022/2557 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2022 on the resilience of critical entities states that in the EU economy, critical entities, as providers of basic services, have an indispensable role in maintaining vital social functions or economic activities in the internal market. It therefore responds to the need to create a modern Union framework with the aim of strengthening their resilience by establishing harmonized minimum rules and assisting these entities through comprehensive and specialized support and supervision measures. The directive establishes new obligations for member states and critical entities themselves, establishes rules for supervision, enforcement and common procedures, establishes uniform definitions and also contains a list of critical entities in individual fields. in the interest of ensuring the provision of basic EU services and improving the functioning of the internal market. In all areas of transport, this indirectly means a higher level of passenger protection of the so-called soft targets.
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